January 31, 2023

Oral and dental hygiene is about keeping your mouth and teeth healthy and clean by proper brushing and flossing routines. This prevents you from plaque or other gum diseases, due to accumulation of bacteria, on hard teeth surfaces, causing dental decay, tartar, gingivitis and periodontitis.

These diseases are caused as a result of keeping an improper dental and oral hygiene and bad eating habits. Plaque accumulation on the hard surfaces of teeth is due to; when you eat, the sugar and starch in your food is used by the bacteria resulting in release of an acid. This acid damages your teeth in various ways, by corroding the tooth enamel and making holes or cavities in the tooth. It would also irritate the gums, resulting in bleeding, which leads to bad breath.

Constant deposition of plaque can lead into a yellow or brown mineral deposit called tartar or calculus. Tartar starts spreading on to gums, contributing to a lot of other problems

Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums, leading to painless bleeding during brushing and flossing.

Periodontitis is a severe form of gum disease, which causes destruction of structures that support the teeth, including the bone. This would lead to loosening of teeth, and have to be removed, as a result. This condition causes redness, swelling and bleeding gums. The resulting widening spaces between the teeth and exposed roots are prone to decay.

Foods with a high concentration of sugar, like, cakes, ice cream, honey, acidic drinks, must be avoided, as they damage the tooth enamel.

Everyone appreciates, a healthy-looking and odourless mouth, with clean and shining teeth, healthy and pain free gums. Regular cleaning improves your quality of life, making your teeth stronger and healthier, that allows you to enjoy varieties of food. It makes your mouth free of bad smells, which can be quite embarrassing at times. It also prevents formation of any yellow or brown deposits on teeth, loosening or widening of gaps between teeth and bleeding or painful gums.

Always use antiseptic mouthwashes regularly, after every brushing and/or flossing to stop plaque-forming bacteria. It refreshes your mouth too, especially if you have a bad smell.

Flouride toothpaste or fluoride supplement helps in protecting and strengthening your teeth by binding with enamel.

For infants and young children, use a moist cloth or a soft toothbrush to wipe their tooth clean. Apply a little amount of toothpaste, especially if it has fluoride, as too much of the ingredient can be toxic to young children.